Does Weight gain cause Back Pain?

Back pain is linked to Weight gain. According to the recent studies, overweight and obesity increase the risk of low back pain.

1 pound of weight gain causes 4 pounds of pressure on your spine

What do we mean by weight gain?

Weight gain simply means that there is an actual increase in your body weight.

The most common reasons for increasing your body weight are:

  • Increase in the bulk of your muscles:

As you exercise, your muscle mass increases in relation to your body fat. The increase in muscle mass increases your body weight. It is a very healthy way of weight gain.

  • Amount of fat in various parts of your body:

As age advances  and due to lack of exercise, there is increase in your body fat in relation to your muscle mass. Such increase in body fat is not seen as a healthy way of weight gain

  • Excess fluid causing water retention:

Medical conditions like heart failure, liver failure and kidney failure cause collection of excess fluid and water retention – not a healthy way of weight gain.

 

One pound of human fat tissue contains 3,500 Calories. So to lose a pound of weight over a week, it means that you have to reduce your food intake by 500 calories a day. Some examples of a 500 calorie food are:

  • Big Mac
  • 4 slices of Bacon
  • Frappuccino with cream
  • Subway 6″ Ham sandwich
  • Full cheese Burger
  • 2 Snickers

 

At the same time if we take an extra 500 calories every day over a week, we add 3500 extra calories. We will gain a pound in weight!

 

1 pound of weight gain puts 4 pounds of extra pressure on our spine

 

This significantly increases the risk of lower back pain

What is BMI?

BMI stands for Body Mass Index. It is a standard measure used to measure obesity all over the world.

 

Your Body weight in kilograms is divided by your weight by your height in metres

 

Weight/Height

 

To make it easy, there is a chart below that you can use to look up your BMI for your weight and height.

 

It will also show if you are in the ideal weight, overweight or obesity category.

BODY MASS INDEX CHART

BMI Chart for Back pain to calculate your ideal weight, overweight and obesity

BMI Chart gives you a quick idea of where you are on the chart. This Body Mass Index Chart can be used by all adults of any age, weight and height.

 

It gives you the normal range for your weight and height. The weight is given in pounds on the left side and in kilograms on the right side (see chart above).  The height is given in centimeters and feet below the chart.

 

If your BMI is:

18 – 25 – Shows a Normal & Healthy weight

25 – 30 – Overweight at risk of Back problems

> 30  – Obesity – Back pain & Degeneration

How does Weight gain affect your Back pain?

HEALTHY WEIGHT:

      • 125 – 169 pounds (9-12 stones) 

 

UNDER-WEIGHT:

      • less than 125 lbs
      • <9 stones

 

OVER-WEIGHT:

      • 169 – 200 pounds
      • 12-14 stones

 

OBESITY:

      • exceeds 200 lbs
      • >14 stones

As you can see here, our spine is this central support for our body to provide strength, flexibility and movement.

 

Our spine has three natural curves that are in balance to distribute your body weight. This provides perfect alignment with the strong and flexible muscles in your back.

 

During the later years there is a gradual weight increase and the shape of these natural curves are altered. It is important to note that any increase in weight in the belly fat, adds 10 times the weight on your back.

 

 1 extra pound on your abdomen, puts an additional 10-pound strain on your back!

Can belly fat make your back hurt?

Yes, belly fat can certainly make your back hurt

 

The main cause of your back problem is IN YOUR FRONT

not in your back

 

The muscles and fat around your belly are right in front of your back

 

About Belly Fat:

Belly fat causes potbelly and this changes the curvature of your back. Belly fat pulls your spine forward causing stress on the bones, muscles, ligaments and the soft cushions (discs).

 

Belly fat that sticks out farther away from the spine can cause severe strain on joints of your back.

 

This can lead to osteoarthritis of your spine reports a study from the University Hospital Zurich in Switzerland.

 

“Further your belly sticks out greater your backpain”

What are the other problems with weight gain other than back pain?

When your body weight increases, the spine becomes tilted and develops an unnatural curve. There is more stress on the small joints of your spine call the ‘facet joints’.

 

The chemicals released from the excess body fat, damages the lining of these facet joints leading to inflammation and later arthritis.

 

Further increase in bodyweight squeezes the soft tissue cushions (discs) between the bones of your spine.

Overweight and obesity can cause the disc to rupture. This causes a ‘Disc Prolapse’ or a ‘Bulging Disc’.

 

‘Bulging Disc’ cause pressure on the spinal nerves going to the leg

This leads to back pain and leg pain called sciatica

How to lose weight during an episode of back pain?

As we know, excess weight is the cause of your back problem. Therefore, exercise and losing weight will help you in relieving low back pain. Weight loss requires you to take lesser calories and make small healthy changes in your diet.

 

Take small tiny steps and be comfortable in what you are doing.

 

There are simple two ways to lose weight that cause back problems:

1) REDUCING YOUR CALORIE INTAKE:

Step 1: Watch for unhealthy eating patterns. A 500 calorie excess intake over a period of 7 days in a week adds 3,500 calories. This equals to a weight gain of 1 pound.

Unhealthy eating habits are binge eating, eating at frequent intervals, comfort foods and eating out regularly.

A food diary is very useful in noting down these unhealthy eating habits.

Mangattil Rajesh | Spine Surgeon London | weight Gain Diary

Step 2: Try and see if you can make small changes in your diet. If you’re eating out five days a week, try changing and reducing it to 2 to 3 days a week.

Step 3: Try to reduce calories that do not give you the necessary nutrients for the growth and well-being. These include candies, soft drinks, sugary drinks and most fast foods.

2) REGULAR EXERCISES:

Step 1: Choose a low impact exercise like walking or water exercises. Exercises makes all the muscles in your body to work and there is a good calorie burn.

Exercise also improves the tone of all your muscles.

Your daily routines DO NOT use all your muscles.

Step 2: Weight loss requires at least 60 to 90 minutes of cardiovascular exercise each day for a good result.

Break your exercises into small bits – 10 minute walk following breakfast lunch and dinner.

Step 3: Consider Physiotherapy exercises for low back pain. These are small simple exercises that can be done in the initial stages of your backpain.

They do not pose any risk of aggravating your backpain.

SUMMARY

What we know:

1 pound of weight gain can cause 4 pounds the effect on your spine

It is 10 times the effect on your spine for ‘Belly Fat’

Weight gain also causes ‘Disc Degeneration’ and ‘Sciatica’

Aim for a healthy and rich life style free of Back pain

Your ‘daily routine’ DOES NOT use all your muscles

Exercises uses ALL your muscles.

REFERENCES

For further Advice

Reach out to me on:

Whatsapp/Text: 07956 381 383
Email: rajesh@spinesurgeon.london

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